Guest Post by: Mercedes Drew (NYU, BA/MA student, Africana Studies), Naapane Faustina Marius (University of Ghana, MA student, Linguistics), and Nicole Holliday (NYU, PHD student, Linguistics)
Duke University Professor Jerry Hough has found himself the subject of criticism due to his racially provocative comments online about black and Asian Americans.
One of the more controversial points in Hough’s (self-admitted) racist commentary was his assertion that “Every Asian student has a very simple old American first name that symbolizes their desire for integration. Virtually every black has a strange new name that symbolizes their lack of desire for integration.”
The Central Park Five have been back in the news recently, and this time it’s good news.
For those not familiar, the Central Park Five are a group of young men from Harlem who were charged with the rape and attempted murder of a female jogger that took place in Manhattan’s Central Park in 1989. In spite of conflicting stories and a lack of DNA evidence (the DNA found on the victim didn’t match any of the accused), the five juveniles were found guilty and each served sentences ranging from 5-15 years in correctional facilities. Recently, they won a settlement from the city of New York where they were each awarded roughly $1 million for every year of they were imprisoned, for a total of $40 million combined. Read more…
Guest post by Melissa Duvelsdorf and Mawutor Agbaku
Can Santa Claus be a black man? This holiday season, Indiana University – Bloomington’s CommUNITY Education Program posed the question to its student body on a residence hall bulletin board. A black Santa Claus poses next to the typical stockings, presents, and Christmas tree. A joyful “Yo yo yo” emerges from the saxophone that black Santa plays enthusiastically. The purpose of the bulletin board was to address racial stereotypes about African American men using a light-hearted Christmas theme. Read more…
There’s been a lot of talk in the media and public discourse about racial discrimination and justice lately. Despite killing Trayvon Martin—an unarmed black teenager—George Zimmerman (who is white and hispanic) walked away a free man due to Florida’s controversial Stand Your Ground law. But what flew under the radar for most was the treatment of Rachel Jeantel, the prosecution’s star witness. We’ve written a bit about Jeantel before, but we’d like it further discuss some of the issues raised by the reactions to her testimony. As soon as Jeantel’s testimony began, so did the criticism, and much of it was because of her language. She was called uneducated, unsophisticated, and difficult to understand. Defense lawyers even asked her if she was indeed a native speaker of English. But what linguists knew and tried to argue was that Jeantel was a native English speaker—it just wasn’t the variety of English that is seen as mainstream or standard, and Jeantel was being subjected to an intense form of linguistic discrimination which may have affected the degree to which she was seen as a credible witness.
When Rachel Jeantel stepped up to to testify at the trial for the shooting death of her childhood friend, Trayvon Martin, lawyers and later the American public had more to say about her language, mannerisms and appearance than her critical testimony. Ms. Jeantel is of Haitian American descent, and to our knowledge, speaks Haitian Creole, Spanish and African American English. Read more…
Even though HBO’s television show The Wire ran from 2002-2008, today it still remains hugely popular with television audiences around the country. This show continues to captivate viewers with its frank and realistic portrayal of life in the city of Baltimore. Each of its five seasons focused on characters in different urban domains including the drug trade, the seaport, local government, the education system and the print media, all as they interacted with Baltimore’s police department. The Wire has been praised by viewers for its anti-network stance and its devotion to presenting life in an American city in a way that is both authentic and thought-provoking. For linguists, perhaps of one of the show’s greatest achievements is its portrayal of local Baltimore accents.